A good way to figure out the relationship in a given question is to make up a sentence that describes the relationship between the first two words. Then, try to use the same sentence to find out which of the answer choices completes the same relationship with the third word.
1.  Odometer is to mileage as compass is to
A. speed
B. hiking
C. needle
D. direction

2.  Marathon is to race as hibernation is to
A. winter
B. bear
C. dream
D. sleep

3.  Window is to pane as book is to
A. novel
B. glass
C. cover
D. page

4.  Cup is to coffee as bowl is to
A. dish
B. soup
C. spoon
D. food

5.  Yard is to inch as quart is to
A. gallon
B. ounce
C. milk
D. liquid